search






 
    PU2PU
  Issue-623 - September 12, 2016   Recommend
Press Releases Patents Technical Papers
LATEST TRENDS >> PRESS RELEASES
PU RAW MATERIALS>> ADDITIVES>> FLAME RETARDANT
Huber Announces Global Price Increase for Martinal Fine Precipitated Alumina Trihydrate (ATH)

Martinswerk GmbH, a subsidiary of J.M. Huber Corporation, announces a global price increase for its Martinal fine precipitated alumina trihydrate (ATH) products, effective October 1, 2016, or as current contracts allow. Prices will increase depending on product grade and packaging. Martinswerk GmbH is affiliated with the Fire Retardant Additives...

Company name: Martinswerk
Published On: Tuesday September 06th, 2016

 
Budenheim increases production capacity of halogen-free flame retardants in China

German based leading specialty chemical company Budenheim is expanding the production capacity of long-chain ammonium polyphosphate in China with a multimillion Euro investment.As premium supplier for intumescent fire protection coatings, Budenheim supplies the key component ammonium polyphosphate and formulations under the brand names "FR Cros"...

Company name: Budenheim
Published On: Friday September 09th, 2016

 
PU RAW MATERIALS>> RESIN COMPOSITION>> POTTING / ENCAPSULATION RESINS
Electrolube Launch New Encapsulation Resins at Electronex

Global electro-chemicals manufacturer, Electrolube, develops, manufactures and supports a wide variety of resin products and will showcase a new era of encapsulation resins on Stand B12 at Electronex electronics design and assembly expo at the Australia Technology Park in Sydney, 14-15 September. One of the latest epoxy resins from Electrolube,...

Company name: Electrolube
Published On: Monday September 05th, 2016

 
PU RAW MATERIALS>> RESIN COMPOSITION>> URETHANE GROUT
Filling voids under giant fiberglass tanks

Paul Wright of Python Corporation needed a solution for a client. The client is a fiberglass company with 28 enormous fiberglass tanks for material storage that had irregularly shaped bottoms. This resulted in voids under the tanks. Wright recommended using structural polyurethane foam to ensure full bearing coverage. He turned to Prime Resins to...

Company name: Prime Resins
Published On: Friday September 09th, 2016

 
SYSTEMS>> BIOMATERIALS>> BIODEGRADABLE POLYMERS
Minnesota's biodegradable bags make grocery shopping more green

Over the past few years, hundreds of cities across the U.S. have instituted bans on lightweight plastic bags. Chicago's ban started Aug. 1, 2015 and Minneapolis's will begin in June 2017. A statewide plastic bag ban is on the California ballot in November.The reason for these bans is because the lightweight bags' non-biodegradable materials are...

Company name: The Center for Sustainable Polymers at the University of Minnesota
Published On: Monday September 12th, 2016

 
CASE>> COATINGS
Canadian Scientists Create Sustainable Coating System for Metals

A Brock University chemist and a Burlington, Ontario, chemical company have patented a green coating system that protects metals against corrosion.Organic chemistry instructor Paul Zelisko and Vanchem Performance Chemicals created technology they named Greencoat, which uses silicon rather than heavy metals to bind coatings to both metal surfaces...

Company name: Brock University
Published On: Wednesday September 07th, 2016

 
Subsea Industries Adds New UV-Resistant Colourfast Coating to the Mix

Subsea Industries has introduced a new UV-resistant coating to its portfolio of tough, non-toxic and environmentally-safe marine hard coatings.Formulated to meet increasing demand for a hard coating capable of withstanding ultraviolet (UV) radiation, Ecolast offers the same high level of corrosion and abrasion protection common to all Subsea...

Company name: Subsea Industries
Published On: Wednesday September 07th, 2016

 
European Commission grants clearance for Allnex-Nuplex business combination

Allnex has announced that the European Commission has granted clearance for Allnex and Nuplex to combine their businesses.This is one of the final milestones in the process of creating what is intended to be the leading industrial coating resins company globally.Frankfurt to be the new headquartersUpon closing, the new headquarters of the combined...

Company name: Allnex
Published On: Friday September 09th, 2016

 
Superhydrophobic spray-on coating could waterproof your phone forever

Superhydrophobic coatings hold a wide array of potential consumer and industrial applications. However, most aren't overly durable, meaning their water repelling properties can be easily lost. Now scientists at the Australian National University (ANU) have developed a new spray-on superhydrophobic coating that is much more robust than existing...

Company name: Australian National University
Published On: Friday September 09th, 2016

 
CASE>> COATINGS>> SPRAY FOAMS
Spray Polyurethane Foam Goes To Mars

Spray Foam Magazine was granted unprecedented, behind-the- scenes access to the Thermal Protection Systems (TPS) facility at NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama - the location of NASA's current testing of spray foam for use in the voyage to Mars. The September/October 2016 issue of Spray Foam Magazine contains the in-depth...

Company name: Spray Foam Magazine
Published On: Tuesday September 06th, 2016

 
CASE>> ADHESIVES>> ROOF TILE ADHESIVE
Fomo: Introducing Polyset Products for Roofing Applications

With the formation of ICP Adhesives & Sealants, we are proud to provide our customers an expanded product offering with both Handi-brand and Polyset products. Polyset products are pressurized foam adhesives specially designed for adhering and securing roofing tile and insulation across a range of compatible substrates in both new and reroof...

Company name: Innovative Chemical Products
Published On: Wednesday September 07th, 2016

 
PROCESSING EQUIPMENTS - PRODUCTION
Innovative mixing and dispensing technology for bonding, casting, and sealing systems

At BONDEXPO 2016, the international trade fair for bonding technology in Stuttgart from October 10 to 13, RAMPF Production Systems will be showcasing innovative mixing and dispensing technology solutions for two- and three-dimensional application of bonding, casting, and sealing systems - Stand 9203 in Hall 9. The focus will be on the DC-CNC800...

Company name: RAMPF-Gruppe
Published On: Tuesday September 06th, 2016

 
Saip to participate in the CPI 2016 Polyurethanes Technical Conference

The Italian polyurethane equipment manufacturer Saip Equipment announced its participation in the 59th edition of the CPI - Center for the Polyurethanes Industry's Polyurethane Technical Conference - the longest-running PU conference in North America - which will be held from 26 - 28 September 2016 in Baltimore, MD, USA.Saip says it will be present...

Company name: SAIP Srl
Published On: Wednesday September 07th, 2016

 
PROCESSING EQUIPMENTS - PRODUCTION>> ADHESIVES
New project for Ukrainian customers - OSV S400 T

This week OSV Technologiya team of engineers and technologists has completed a project for our customers from Ukraine - manufacturing of low pressure mixing and metering machine OSV S400 T. This equipment is intended to operate with two-component polyurethane adhesives for production of air filters. After successful launching of the machine, our...

Company name: OSV Technologiya
Published On: Friday September 09th, 2016

 
FINISHED PRODUCTS>> CONSTRUCTING
Bergisch Gladbach launches pilot project with Covestro and Logelis

In the search for creative solutions to establish additional inexpensive living space, the town of Bergisch-Gladbach near Cologne, Germany is working together with Leverkusen-based materials company Covestro and the French prefabricated home manufacturer Logelis to blaze new paths: They are partnering to develop new types of energy-efficient...

Company name: Covestro
Published On: Friday September 09th, 2016

 
FINISHED PRODUCTS>> CONSTRUCTING>> ROOFING & FLOORING SURFACES
Polyflor Bloc PUR - solid colour flooring for creative interiors

Polyflor is proud to announce the launch of Bloc PUR, a vibrant collection of solid colour sheet flooring in a broad spectrum of 16 enticing colours. Designed to provide either a subtle backdrop or a bold, modern statement in the retail, leisure and commercial sectors, UK manufactured Bloc PUR is a high performance heterogeneous sheet floorcovering...

Company name: Polyflor
Published On: Monday September 05th, 2016

 
FINISHED PRODUCTS>> CONSTRUCTING>> THERMAL INSULATION
Isothane at Energy 2016 Show

We are thrilled to announce that this October we will be exhibiting at the Energy 2016 show on stand E2/ 610 as part of the UK Construction Week 2016. The event running from the 18th-20th October will be an opportunity for you to meet our highly knowledgeable team, and to find out more about our wide range of polyurethane insulation products. They...

Company name: Isothane Ltd
Published On: Wednesday September 07th, 2016

 
Preparing for winter with 'resilient' properties

In recent years there has been significant damage to many properties as a result of harsh and persistent wintry weather. Flooding has been high up on the agenda with a national flood resilience review having been commissioned by the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs earlier in the year. Any actions resulting from this review are...

Company name: the British Urethane Foam Contractors Association
Published On: Friday September 09th, 2016

 
Should R-Value Be The Key Factor When Deciding Which Insulation To Buy?

The insulation that you choose to have installed in your home is an important piece of the puzzle, when it comes to maximizing your home's comfort. Regardless of whether you've been looking into fiberglass, cellulose, or spray foam insulation like Icynene, the term R-value has likely come up as one to pay close attention to.You may have heard from...

Company name: Icynene
Published On: Friday September 09th, 2016

 
Preparing For Fall With Spray Foam

Summer is almost over, and that means the weather will soon begin to change across the country. Cooler, more windy, and rainy weather is just around the corner, but the question is, are you and your home prepared? You can be, if you upgrade your home's existing insulation with spray foam insulation like Icynene.Icynene spray foam insulation is the...

Company name: Icynene
Published On: Friday September 09th, 2016

 
FINISHED PRODUCTS>> MINING
Multotec Improves Recoveries, Grades And Yields

Northam Chrome Producers is realising improved recoveries, better grades and higher yields following the retrofit of Multotec spirals at its recovery plant.The decision to replace the existing spirals with those designed and manufactured by Multotec was taken by this chrome producer following extensive testwork performed by both Northam Chrome...

Company name: Multotec
Published On: Monday September 05th, 2016

 
FINISHED PRODUCTS>> INDUSTRIAL>> BELT
Polyflat belt an alternative to steel ropes

Technical rubber supplier ContiTech notes that Polyflat can be used as an alternative to steel ropes in lifting and conveying technology, as it extends service life, lasting up to three times longer than a comparable steel rope.The company details that Polyflat consists of steel cords that have 49 individual wires embedded in a polyurethane...

Company name: ContiTech
Published On: Friday September 09th, 2016

 
INDUSTRY UPDATE
CONCENTROL was present at a very succesful UTECH Asia 2016 event

In early August, CONCENTROL was present at the most important event in the Asian polyurethane industry, UTECH Asia 2016. This year the convention was held at the Shanghai World Expo Exhibition and Convention Centre and CONCENTROL would like to thank all the attendees who visited us at out booth.After 23 editions, the event has been this year, once...

Company name: Productos Concentrol
Published On: Wednesday September 07th, 2016

 
 
LATEST TRENDS >> PATENTS
PU RAW MATERIALS>> ADDITIVES>> FLAME RETARDANT
Flame-retarding oligomeric brominated urethane compositions

The flame-retarding properties of polymeric compositions are selectively enhanced, without adversely affecting other properties of these materials to any significant degree, by including in the compositions oligomeric urethanes with high bromine content.

Company name: Lubrizol Advanced Materials, Inc
Published On: Friday September 09th, 2016

 
PU RAW MATERIALS>> CURING AGENTS - CROSSLINKERS
Etheramines with enhanced thermal stability and their use as curatives or intermediates for polymer...

Implementations described herein relate to an etheramine mixture containing a cyclobutane based amine and its method of production by alkoxylating an initiator with an alkylene oxide to produce a precursor polyol and reductively aminating the precursor polyol to form the ehteramine mixture. The etheramine mixture may be used in a variety of...

Company name: Huntsman Petrochemical Corporation
Published On: Saturday September 10th, 2016

 
PU RAW MATERIALS>> POLYOLS
Non-migratory photoactive diols for fluorescent polymers

A polyurethane foam includes a fluorescent repeating unit. The authenticity of a polyurethane foam may be determined by irradiating the foam with a UV light and determining if there is a fluorescent emission.

Company name: BASF SE
Published On: Saturday September 10th, 2016

 
Polythiols with carbamate groups

The present invention discloses polythiol compositions containing sulfur-containing compounds with carbamate groups, and to methods for producing such polythiol compositions. These polythiol compositions can be synthesized via the reaction of an isocyanate with an allyl ether alcohol, followed by thiolation with H.sub.2S, and these polythiol...

Company name: Chevron Phillips Chemical Company
Published On: Saturday September 10th, 2016

 
PU RAW MATERIALS>> PREPOLYMERS
Isocyanate-terminated prepolymer, the method for preparing the same and the use thereof

The present invention pertains to the field of polyurethane, especially relates to an isocyanate-terminated prepolymer, the method for preparing the same and the use thereof. The present invention adjusts the reaction components and the ratios thereof to obtain an isocyanate-terminated prepolymer suitable for preparing flexible polyurethane foam...

Company name: Covestro Deutschland
Published On: Friday September 09th, 2016

 
PU RAW MATERIALS>> RESIN COMPOSITION
Polyurethane resin, polyurethane resin composition, and method for manufacturing polyurethane resin

The present invention relates to a polyurethane resin including, as constituent units, a diol (a1) having a number average molecular weight of 500 to 10,000, an organic diisocyanate (b), and a chain extender (a2). The total concentration of urethane groups and urea groups in the polyurethane resin is 1.25 to 2.50 mmol/g based on the weight of the...

Company name: Sanyo Chemical Industries
Published On: Saturday September 10th, 2016

 
Waterborne light radiation absorbing polyurethane mixed polyester polymer coating system

The disclosure is directed to an aqueous composition comprising a waterborne polymer, a non-ionic surfactant, a levelling component, an IR absorber, and at least one UV absorber.

Company name: Clear Technology
Published On: Saturday September 10th, 2016

 
PU RAW MATERIALS>> RESIN COMPOSITION>> INKS COMPOSITION
Ink for ink jet textile printing, ink jet textile printing method, and ink jet textile printing...

An ink for ink jet textile printing according to the invention which is used for recording on cloth includes a pigment, a resin, and a 2-pyrrolidone-based solvent, in which the pH is in the range of 9.2 to 10.5. Coating elongation of the resin may be in the range of 400% to 1200%, and the resin may be a urethane-based resin.

Company name: Seiko Epson Corporation
Published On: Friday September 09th, 2016

 
Process for preparing polymers, polymers, dispersions, inks and uses

A process for preparing a polymer comprising reacting at least the components i), ii) and optionally iii) to form a pre-polymer: i) a compound of the Formula (1); wherein: T.sup.1 and T.sup.2 are each independently HO--, HS-- or HNR.sup.1--; Q.sup.1 and Q.sup.2 independently are --NR.sup.2--; A.sup.1 and A.sup.2 independently are an optionally...

Company name: Fujifilm Imaging Colorants
Published On: Friday September 09th, 2016

 
PU RAW MATERIALS>> RESIN COMPOSITION>> DISPERSIONS
A new polyurethane/acrylic hybrid for elastomeric wall coatings

A polyurethane/acrylic hybrid dispersion comprising a polyurethane dispersion, acrylic monomers and ethylenically unsaturated phosphorus containing monomers. The weight ratio of the solid content of the polyurethane dispersion to the acrylic monomers and the ethylenically unsaturated phosphorus containing monomers is from 3:7 to 7:3. A process of...

Company name: Dow Global Technologies
Published On: Saturday September 10th, 2016

 
Aqueous polyurethaneurea dispersion containing free acid groups

The present invention relates to an aqueous polyarethaneurea dispersion, wherein the polyurethaneurea has specific formation components, and which is characterized in that it has a content of --COOH groups of at least 0.75% by weight, where 0% to 35% of these groups have been neutralized, and in that 5 to 50 mol % of isocyanate groups present have...

Company name: Covestro Deutschland
Published On: Saturday September 10th, 2016

 
PU RAW MATERIALS>> RESIN COMPOSITION>> BINDERS
PET-C based security laminates and documents

A security laminate (1) including in order a transparent oriented polyester support (2), a subbing layer (3) and an adhesive layer (4) which is coated on top of the subbing layer, wherein the binder of the adhesive layer is based on a mixture of a first and a second polymer in a weight ratio from 50/50 to 90/10, wherein the first polymer is a...

Company name: Agfa-Gevaert
Published On: Friday September 09th, 2016

 
PU RAW MATERIALS>> RESIN COMPOSITION>> COATING COMPOSITION
Cardanol modified epoxy polyol

A cardanol modified epoxy polyol may be used for forming a polyurethane resin system for use in applications such as coatings and composites formed by filament winding. The polyurethane resin system includes an isocyanate-reactive component that has a first cardanol component and the cardanol-modified epoxy polyol, and includes an isocyanate...

Company name: Dow Global Technologies
Published On: Saturday September 10th, 2016

 
PU RAW MATERIALS>> RESIN COMPOSITION>> ASPHALT COMPOSITION
Polyurethane based asphalt composition

A polyurethane based asphalt composition includes an asphalt component and a polyurethane resin system that is the reaction product of an isocyanate component that includes at least one polyisocyanate and an isocyanate-reactive component that includes a cardanol-modified epoxy polyol. The cardanol-modified epoxy polyol is a reaction product of an...

Company name: Dow Global Technologies
Published On: Saturday September 10th, 2016

 
SYSTEMS>> BIOMATERIALS
Amino acid derivatives and absorbable polymers therefrom

The present invention relates to the discovery of new class of hydrolysable amino acid derivatives and absorbable polyester amides, polyamides, polyepoxides, polyureas and polyurethanes prepared therefrom. The resultant absorbable polymers are useful for drug delivery, tissue engineering, tissue adhesives, adhesion prevention, bone wax...

Company name: Bezwada Biomedical
Published On: Saturday September 10th, 2016

 
SYSTEMS>> BIOMATERIALS>> ADHESIVES
Isocyanate-functional prepolymer for a biologically degradable fabric adhesive

The present invention relates to an isocyanate functional prepolymer that can be achieved through a) a reaction of an H functional starter compound having at least one Zerewitinoff active H atom with an alkylene oxide and a comonomer to a preliminary stage bearing hydroxyl groups, wherein said comonomer is selected from the group comprising...

Company name: Medical Adhesive Revolution
Published On: Saturday September 10th, 2016

 
FOAMS
Foamable polyamide composition and foam obtained therefrom

Provided is a foamable polyamide composition comprising a) at least one polyamide comprising at least one carboxylic group; b) at least one thermoplastic rubber; and c) at least one compound having at least one isocyanate group; and optionally d) at least one filler and e) at least one additive.

Company name: Rhodia
Published On: Saturday September 10th, 2016

 
FOAMS>> FLEXIBLE
Method for producing flexible polyurethane foam materials

The present invention relates to a method for producing flexible polyurethane foams, wherein an isocyanate component (component B) is used which comprises polyether carbonate polyol, and to the isocyanate component itself. The invention also provides an NCO-terminated, urethane group-comprising prepolymer obtainable by reaction of one or more...

Company name: Covestro Deutschland
Published On: Saturday September 10th, 2016

 
CASE>> COATINGS>> POLYUREA
Retention tank storage cover

The disclosure teaches a polyurea coated water storage floatation cover comprising a layer of buoyant closed cell foam coated with polyurea, a upper layer of polyurea coated textile attached to the buoyant closed cell foam coated with polyurea, and attachment components affixed to the upper layer of the polyurea coated textile. The cover can be...

Company name:
Published On: Friday September 09th, 2016

 
CASE>> ADHESIVES
Method of bonding to foil

Provided is a waterborne adhesive composition comprising (i) an aqueous medium; (ii) one or more isocyanate compounds dispersed in said aqueous medium, and (iii) one or more functional silane compounds dispersed in said aqueous medium. Also provided is a method of bonding a metal foil to a polymeric film comprising the steps of (A) applying a layer...

Company name: Rohm and Haas
Published On: Saturday September 10th, 2016

 
CASE>> ELASTOMERS>> TPU
Conductive thermoplastic polyurethane

The invention relates to a composition comprising a thermoplastic polyurethane, where the thermoplastic polyurethane has been prepared from a) a diisocyanate, b) a polyol comprising a polyol A and a polyol B and c) a chain extender, optionally with the aid of catalysts and optionally further comprising additives and/or auxiliaries, and a salt...

Company name: BASF SE
Published On: Saturday September 10th, 2016

 
CASE>> ELASTOMERS>> FIBERS
Fusible bicomponent spandex

Included are multiple component elastic fibers prepared by a solution-spinning process such as dry spinning or wet spinner of spandex fibers including polyurethaneurea and polyurethane compositions. These fibers have a cross-section including at least two separate regions with definable boundaries wherein at least one region defined by the...

Company name: Invista North America
Published On: Friday September 09th, 2016

 
FINISHED PRODUCTS>> AUTOMOTIVE
Composition for car interior TRIM and preparation method using the same

A composition for a car interior trim including: a polyurethane sponge layer for a car interior trim; and a water-soluble resin layer formed on the polyurethane sponge layer and comprising 20 to 50 parts by weight of a phosphorus-based flame retardant and 1 to 5 parts by weight of a thickener, based on 100 parts by weight of a coating agent blend...

Company name: S&B
Published On: Saturday September 10th, 2016

 
FINISHED PRODUCTS>> SPORTS>> GOLF
Dual core golf ball having negative-hardness-gradient thermoplastic inner core and steep...

A golf ball includes a thermoplastic HNP inner core layer having a center hardness less than the surface hardness to define a positive hardness gradient. An outer core layer is disposed about the inner core and is formed from a thermoset rubber composition. The core layer has an inner surface hardness less than the outer surface hardness to define...

Company name: Acushnet Company
Published On: Friday September 09th, 2016

 
Golf ball

A golf ball includes a core, an ionomer layer enclosing the core, a polyisocyanate interlayer enclosing the ionomer layer, and a thermoplastic polyurethane cover layer enclosing the polyisocyanate interlayer. The ionomer layer is physically bonded to the polyisocyanate interlayer to form a physical bonding interface therebetween, and the...

Company name: Great Eastern Resins Industrial
Published On: Saturday September 10th, 2016

 
Three-cover-layer golf ball comprising intermediate layer including a plasticized polyester...

A golf ball includes a core and a three-layer cover disposed adjacent the core. The three-layer cover includes an inner cover, an intermediate cover, and an outer cover. The inner cover includes a non-ionomeric E/Y copolymer where E is an olefin and Y is a carboxylic acid. The inner cover has a hardness of about 45 to 68 Shore D. The outer cover...

Company name: Acushnet Company
Published On: Saturday September 10th, 2016

 
 
LATEST TRENDS >> PAPERS
PU RAW MATERIALS>> RESIN COMPOSITION>> BINDERS
Reactive Energetic Plasticizers for Energetic Polyurethane Binders Prepared via Simultaneous Huisgen...

Reactive energetic plasticizers (REPs) for use in glycidyl azido polymer (GAP) based polyurethane (PU) energetic binders were investigated. These REPs consisted of an activated terminal alkyne group that was expected to give rise to Huisgen azide-alkyne 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition within the specific pot life for a PU formulation to prevent the...

Company name: Daegu University
Published On: Monday September 12th, 2016

 
CASE>> ADHESIVES>> PRESSURE SENSITIVE
Challenges and Opportunities in Continuous Production of Emulsion Polymers: a Review

Profit margin reduction and global competition are pushing latex producers to consider process intensification that relies on the replacement of semicontinuous reactors by continuous ones. The challenges involved and ways in which the challenges can be transformed into opportunities are discussed for: (i) production of branched polymers in CSTRs;...

Company name: University of the Basque Country
Published On: Monday September 12th, 2016

 
CASE>> COMPOSITES>> FOAMS
Auxetic composites made of 3D textile structure and polyurethane foam

Auxetic composites have attracted considerable attention in recent years and have demonstrated a high potential of applications in different areas due to their wonderful properties as compared to non-auxetic composites. In this study, a three-dimensional (3D) auxetic textile structure previously developed was used as reinforcement to fabricate...

Company name: The Hong Kong Polytechnic University
Published On: Monday September 12th, 2016

 
FINISHED PRODUCTS>> INDUSTRIAL>> ACOUSTIC INSULATION
Effect of Variability in Microgeometry of Polyurethane Foams on their Macroscopic Acoustic...

The numerical formulations used for the modeling and design of sound absorbing materials are constructed based on a set of physical parameters, known as the Biot's parameters (for isotropicmaterials these are comprised of 5 non-acoustical parameters and 4 mechanical parameters). These parameters are inter-correlated and are...

Company name: Universite de Sherbrooke
Published On: Monday September 12th, 2016

 
 

Copyright PU2PU 2013 | The Polyurethane Newsletter - Issue | Urethane Update - Issue | Contact us

You are subscribed to the PU Newsletter mailing list. Click to UNSUBSCRIBE your address. PU2PU comply with the CAN-SPAM Act of 2003. For more information, please read our PRIVACY POLICY. If you have any questions about subscription to this list, contact us at: subscriptions@pu2pu.com